Data on COVID-19 in Québec Gouvernement du Québec

People with English as their native language, called Anglo-Quebecers, constitute the second largest linguistic group in Quebec. In 2011, English was the mother tongue of nearly 650,000 Quebecers (8% of the population).[223] Anglo-Quebecers reside mainly in the west of the island of Montreal (West Island), downtown Montreal and the Pontiac. The Ministère de la Famille et des Aînés du Québec operate centres de la petite enfance [fr] (CPEs; ‘centres for young children’). Quebec’s education system is administered by the Ministry of Education and Higher Education (primary and secondary schools), the Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur (CEGEP) and the Conseil supérieure de l’Education du Québec (universities and colleges).[178] In 2012, the annual cost for postsecondary tuition was CA$2,168 (€1,700)—less than half of Canada’s average tuition. Part of the reason for this is that tuition fees were frozen to a relatively low level when CEGEPS were created during the Quiet Revolution.

  1. The verification options and requirements are subject to change, and the best way to start buying Bitcoin is to reach out and complete this one-time account security step.
  2. The economy of Quebec is mainly supported by its large service sector and varied industrial sector.
  3. New immigrants to Quebec will be given a grace period before provisions of Bill 96 — whose official name is An Act respecting French, the official and common language of Quebec — directly affect them.
  4. The act granted Catholics freedom of religious practice, legalized the French seigneurial system, recognized the French civil code, and reextended the boundaries of Quebec into the Ohio and Mississippi valleys to satisfy the fur traders and maintain alliances with the Indians.

Several banks remain based in Quebec National Bank of Canada, the Desjardins Group and the Laurentian Bank. At the bottom, there are the municipal courts, the Professions Tribunal, the Human Rights Tribunal, and administrative tribunals. Decisions of those bodies can be reviewed by the two trial courts, the Court of Quebec the Superior Court of Quebec. The Court of Quebec is the main criminal trial court, and also a court for small civil claims. The Superior Court is a trial court of general jurisdiction, in both criminal and civil matters. Finally, if the case is of great importance, it may be appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada.

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Old Quebec is located on top and at the foot of Cap-Diamant, which is on the eastern edge of a plateau called the promontory of Quebec (Quebec hill). Because of this topographic feature, the oldest and most urbanized borough of La Cité-Limoilou can be divided into upper and lower town.[36] North of the hill, the Saint Lawrence Lowlands is flat and has rich, arable soil. Past this valley, the Laurentian Mountains lie to the north of the city but its foothills are within the municipal limits. Quebec has hosted several major sporting events, including the 1976 Summer Olympics, the Fencing World Championships in 1967, track cycling in 1974, and the Transat Québec-Saint-Malo race created in 1984. From New France, Quebec literature was first developed in the travel accounts of explorers. The first to write the history of Quebec, since its discovery, was the historian François-Xavier Garneau.

These include Saint Petersburg, Guanajuato City, Huế, Paris, Xi’an and Liège and Namur in francophone Belgium.[115]
These were the ex Mayor Régis Labeaume’s priorities. However, the new mayor Bruno Marchand wants to renew exchanges with the other cities. CEGEPs of Quebec city are Collège François-Xavier-Garneau, Cégep Limoilou, Cégep de Sainte-Foy and Champlain College St. Lawrence, as well as private and specialized post-secondary institutions such as Campus Notre-Dame-de-Foy, Collège Mérici, Collège Bart, Collège CDI, Collège O’Sullivan and Collège Multihexa. The Videotron Centre was built with the hope of getting an NHL franchise (relocation or expansion) in Quebec City.[83] The project was funded regardless of whether an NHL team arrives.[84] It is also hoped that the arena can help Quebec City win a future Winter Olympics games bid.[85] It has now replaced the Colisée de Québec as the main multifunctional arena in Quebec City. One of the most notable is The Battlefields Park, which is home to 50 historical artillery pieces and the Plains of Abraham.

Other tourist attractions include Montmorency Falls, and, just outside the city limits, the Basilica of Sainte-Anne-de-Beaupré, the Mont-Sainte-Anne ski resort, and the Ice Hotel. Northern sections (Loretteville, Val-Bélair) and eastern sections (Beauport, Charlesbourg) are mostly a mix of middle-class residential suburbs with industrial pockets. The First Quebec Conference was held in 1943 with Franklin D. Roosevelt (President of the United States), Winston Churchill (Prime Minister of the United Kingdom), William Lyon Mackenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada) and T. The Second Quebec Conference was held in 1944 and was attended by Churchill and Roosevelt. They took place in the buildings of the Citadelle and at the nearby Château Frontenac. France ceded New France, including the city, to Britain in 1763,[30] when the French and Indian War officially ended.

The influx of several thousand British loyalists into Quebec, all of whom demanded land and representative government, forced the British to again alter the constitutional arrangements. The poorly conceived Constitutional Act (1791) divided the colony of Quebec along the Ottawa River into Lower Canada (Quebec) and Upper Canada (the future Ontario). It also provided for an elected assembly and for appointed executive and legislative councils. In short order, the majority French Canadian society ensured that members of its increasingly nationalistic professional middle class, educated by the Catholic Church, came to dominate the elected assembly. The Canadian Party defended the seigneurial system, denounced the Catholic Church for collaborating with the British, criticized the emergence of commercial capitalism, and demanded responsible government—full rule by the majority in the elected assembly.

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Quebec has one of the world’s largest reserves of fresh water,[124] occupying 12% of its surface[125] and representing 3% of the world’s renewable fresh water.[126] More than half a million lakes and 4,500 rivers[124] empty into the Atlantic Ocean, through the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the Arctic Ocean, by James, Hudson, and Ungava bays. The largest inland body of water is the Caniapiscau Reservoir; Lake Mistassini is the largest natural lake.[127] The Saint Lawrence River has some of the world’s largest sustaining inland Atlantic ports. Since 1959, the Saint Lawrence Seaway has provided a navigable link between the Atlantic Ocean and the Great Lakes. In the wake of the conscription crisis, Maurice Duplessis of the Union Nationale ascended to power and implemented a set of conservative policies known as the Grande Noirceur. After having fought as a Patriote, George-Étienne Cartier entered politics in the Province of Canada, eventually becoming one of the co-premiers and an advocate for the union of the British North American provinces. If you guys are from Canada and are looking for a local BTC exchange website then why not try this out?

A West Covina, Calif., police officer was at the right place at the right time when he walked in a convenience store just as an alleged robbery was taking place on Wednesday. An Atlas Air Boeing cargo plane with five crew members made an emergency landing at Miami International Airport late Thursday after facing an engine malfunction shortly after departure. As of Thursday, anyone wishing to improve their French-language skills will be able to register with the government’s new online portal. The Francization Québec portal will be available to new arrivals, future immigrants who want to learn French before their arrival in Quebec, workers and Quebec residents who don’t speak French. Jean-François Roberge, the minister responsible for the French language, said Quebec’s language watchdog, the Office québécois de la langue française (OQLF), will help enterprises with this requirement.

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As early as 1774, the Continental Congress of the separatist Thirteen Colonies attempted to rally the Canadiens to its cause. However, its military troops failed to defeat the British counteroffensive during its Invasion of Quebec in 1775. Most Canadiens remained neutral, although some patriotic regiments allied themselves with the Americans in the Saratoga campaign of 1777. When the British Empire recognized the independence of the rebel colonies at the signing of the Treaty of Paris of 1783, it conceded Illinois and the Ohio Valley to the newly formed United States and denoted the 45th parallel as its border, drastically reducing Quebec’s size. Public health experts are sounding the alarm as Canada contends with a record-breaking wave of dangerous, and sometimes deadly, invasive group A streptococcus infections. Take advantage of government subsidies and get ready for the future – contact us today and get your EV charger installed.

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When Jean Charest’s government decided in 2012 to sharply increase university fees, students protests erupted.[179] Because of these protests, Quebec’s tuition fees remain relatively low. When Canada declared war in September 1939, the federal government pledged not to conscript soldiers for overseas service. As the war went on, more and more English Canadians voiced support for conscription, despite firm opposition from French Canada. Following a 1942 poll that showed 72.9% of Quebec’s residents were against conscription, while 80% or more were for conscription in every other province, the federal government passed Bill 80 for overseas service.

Until 1998 Commission des écoles catholiques de Québec operated public Catholic schools of all languages. Quebec City is governed by a mayor–council government, which includes the 21 single-member districts of the legislative Quebec City Council and the separately elected mayor. The councilors are elected by first-past-the-post voting while the mayor is elected by the city at-large. Both usually belong to political parties and are elected at the same time every 4 years. The mayor is an ex officio member of the council but is not its president and has no vote.


It has nine league titles, won in 2006, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2017, 2022 and 2023. A professional basketball team, the Quebec Kebs, played in National Basketball League of Canada in 2011 but folded before the 2012 season, and a semi-professional soccer team, the Dynamo de Québec, played in the Première ligue de soccer du Québec, until 2019. Quebec City has hosted a number of recent sporting events, as well as being shortlisted for the 2002 Winter Olympics city selection. The Special Olympics Canada National Winter Games was held in the city from 26 February to 1 March 2008.[81] Quebec City co-hosted with Halifax, Nova Scotia, the 2008 IIHF World Championship. The upper and lower town are linked by numerous stairs such as the Escalier « casse-cou » (“breakneck stairway”) or the Old Quebec Funicular on the historic Rue du Petit-Champlain, where many small boutiques are found. A small town square nearby, the Place Royale, now surrounded by picturesque stone buildings, is the site of Champlain’s founding of the city in 1608.

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The city’s landmarks include the Château Frontenac hotel that dominates the skyline and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec. The public company Hydro-Québec occupies a dominant position in the production, transmission and distribution of electricity in Quebec. Hydro-Québec operates 63 hydroelectric power stations and 28 large reservoirs.[251] Because of the remoteness of Hydro-Québec’s TransÉnergie division, it operates the largest electricity transmission network in North America. In 2008, electricity ranked as the main form of energy used in Quebec (41.6%), followed by oil (38.2%) and natural gas (10.7%).[252] In 2017, 47% of all energy came from renewable sources.[253] The Quebec government’s energy policy seeks to build, by 2030, a low carbon economy.